spartina alterniflora name change

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spartina alterniflora name change

IPCN. Background The Yancheng coastal natural wetlands (YCNR) are well-preserved silty tidal flat wetlands in China. Marsh surface elevation data in fertilization plots of a Spartina alterniflora-dominated salt marsh at Goat Island, North Inlet, Georgetown, SC. Spartina alterniflora Loisel (smooth cordgrass) is the dominant salt marsh-building plant along the US Atlantic coast. We will address the impacts of Spartina on benthic systems in these two regions with a par-ticular focus on infaunal and epifaunal commu-nities and the changes in physical and chemical processes in the sediment environment. Latitudinal trends in Spartina alterniflora productivity and the response of coastal marshes to global change. Spartina alterniflora specimen from UGAMI herbarium. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Responses of Spartina alterniflora to Multiple Stressors: Changing Precipitation Patterns, Accelerated Sea Level Rise, and Nutrient Enrichment. Spartina alterniflora is now a major weed problem in southeastern China (Normile 2004). It has been reported that the invasion of Spartina alterniflora changed the soil microbial community in the mangrove ecosystem in China, especially the bacterial community, although the response of soil fungal communities and soil microbial ecological functions to the invasion of Spartina alterniflora remains unclear. pilosa (Merr.) pilosa Merr. Spartina, S. alterniflora has colonized habitats throughout most of this bay. For over two hundred years, Smooth Cordgrass has been referenced in the genus Spartina. Exotic Spartina alterniflora has become widely distributed along most of the coastlines in China in a wide range of inundation frequencies. Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) control with imazapyr. In the present study, plant tissues of Spartina alterniflora from controlled metal exposure experiments were subjected to a field decomposition trial at different tidal levels in a tidal flat of Chongming Island, Shanghai. 62: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. However, few studies have focused on estimation of the wetland vegetation biomass, especially of S. alterniflora, in coastal regions using LiDAR and hyperspectral data. alterniflora (Loisel.) We conducted a 4-month mesocosm study to analyze the multiple stressor effects of precipitation changes, sea level rise, and eutrophication on the salt marsh plant Spartina alterniflora. Latitudinal trends in Spartina alterniflora productivity and the response of coastal marshes to global change MATTHEW L. KIRWAN US Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Department of Environmental Science, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 29904, USA, It maintains salt marsh elevation relative to sea level by the accumulation of aboveground biomass, which promotes sediment deposition and belowground biomass, which accretes as peat. Plants may be > 2 m tall along creekbanks and only 20 cm tall on the marsh platform. Patten K, 2002. Spartina brasiliensis Raddi : Spartina glabra Muhl. Trachynotia alterniflora (Loisel.) Large-scale coastal reclamation has caused significant changes in Spartina alterniflora (S. alterniflora) distribution in coastal regions of China. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. Photo Steven Pennings. Spartina alterniflora Die-back in Louisianna: Time-course Investigation of Soil Waterlogging Effects. Marchant, C. J. Pronunciation of spartina alterniflora with 2 audio pronunciations and more for spartina alterniflora. Stand of medium-height Spartina alterniflora. var. Photo Steven Pennings. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Name Reference IPCN Reference Gametophytic Count Sporophytic Count Country ; Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina alterniflora (Smooth Cordgrass) is a species of marsh grass native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, where it is considered a valuable plant making important contributions to the coastal ecology: Its dense growth provides protection against storm surge and “erosion control along shorelines, canal banks, levees, and other areas of… Due to the severe invasion of Spartina alterniflora, the native ecosystem has undergone great changes. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. BASIONYM: Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. PAPGI. Details; Images (6) Synonyms (152) Accepted Names (1) References (39) Subordinate Taxa; … Rapid invasion of Spartina alterniflora in coastal wetlands throughout the world has attracted much attention. Spartina glabra Spartina alterniflora was introduced to the bare flat land of the reserve in 1983 and has rapidly expanded throughout the coasts (Yang et al., 2013). ex Bigelow) Fernald: SPALP: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Estuaries and Coasts. Symbol Scientific Name; SPALG: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Choose Project. [1] Es originario de las regiones templadas de América, Europa y África Although the invasion of Spartina alterniflora changes the taxa with certain ecological functions, it may not change the potential ecological functions of soil microorganisms (i.e., the potential metabolic pathways of bacteria, nutritional patterns, and fungal associations). Spartina, es un género de plantas herbáceas perteneciente a la familia de las poáceas. Spartina glabra var. New World Grasses. Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Although many studies have been conducted on the interspecific competition between new arrivals and native plants, few of them have demonstrated how these processes interact with non-resource factors to determine vegetation pattern. Merr. Spartina alterniflora is an aggressive invasive plant species that replaces native species, changes the structure and function of the ecosystem across coastal wetlands in China, and is thus a major conservation concern. Spartina alterniflora with high tolerance to salt stress changes vegetation pattern by outcompeting native species LONG TANG, 1 YANG GAO,2 BO LI,3 QING WANG,4 CHENG-HUAN WANG,5 AND BIN ZHAO 3, 1School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi 0an Jiaotong University, 28 Xianning West Road, Xi an 710049 China 2Institute of Water Resources and Hydro-electric Engineering, Xi’an … Flowering phenology and seed production of Spartina anglica. Journal of Ecology. Estuarine Research Federation, Port Republic, MD, 39(5):1376-1385, (2016). Spartina alterniflora has also been found to hybridize with S. foliosa, producing offspring Spartina alterniflora × S. foliosathat may be an even greater threat than S. alterniflora by itself. var. Spartina alterniflora flower spike . Trachynotia alterniflora Steud. ex Elliott : Spartina laevigata Bosc ex Link : Spartina merrillii A. Chev. Changes in biomass, ChemiCal Composition and nutritive value of Spartina alterniflora due to organiC pollution in the itanhaém river basin (sp, brazil) biudes, J. f. v.1,2 and Camargo, a. f. m.1,2 1 programa de ós graduação em aquicultura, Centro de quicultura da universidade estadual aulista – Caunesp, 1916. The changes brought about by Spartina are ulti- Marchant, C. J. Spartina glabra Muhl. Evolution in Spartina (Gramineae) II. DC. Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. Nature (London) 199: 929. China. Journal of Ecology, UK. glabra (Muhl. Spartina alterniflora with high tolerance to salt stress changes vegetation pattern by outcompeting native species Long Tang School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi′an Jiaotong University, 28 Xianning West Road, Xi′an 710049 China Although the settlement of S. alterniflora was over 30 yr, a large area of wetlands has been lost due to reclamation. According to the key S. Corrected chromosome numbers for Spartina X townsendii and its parent species. 1963. Mapping the spread of its invasion is a necessary first step for the implementation of effective ecological management strategies. Spartina alterniflora var. However, the assembly processes and co-occurrence patterns of the bacterial community in S. alterniflora wetlands under different inundation frequencies remain elusive. 509-521. English. Spartina maritima var. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. While managers require good information on the net impact of these combined stressors on wetlands, little such information exists. Tropicos. Matthew L. … Spartina serves as a keystone element in the Lowcountry’s saltmarsh environment.. March heralds the arrival of spring here on Hilton Head Island.While the rest of the country may look to budding trees to indicate winter’s conclusion, here in the Lowcountry, our marsh grass paints the canvas of seasonal change. Spartina glabra var. The decomposition of salt marsh plants is affected by the variation of physiochemical factors caused by the change of tide level. 75 (4), 1037-1048. 1968. The scientific name Spartina alterniflora was updated to Sporobolus alterniflorus. English. Search by expertise, name or affiliation. Abstract: A Surface Elevation Table (SET) is used to measure changes in the elevation of the marsh platform in fertilization plots of a Spartina alterniflora-dominated marsh on the Goat Island, North Inlet, Georgetown, SC. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The hybrid can physically modify the environment to the detriment of native species, [12] and the hybrid populations have spread into creeks , bays , and more remote coastal locations. As such, it is no surprise that this classification change has been slow to catch on in Coastal South Carolina. How to say spartina alterniflora in English? ... Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Mullins P H, Marks T C, 1987. Home > Name Search > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. ) distribution in coastal regions of China the settlement of S. alterniflora ) control with imazapyr referenced the... Marshes to global change most of the bacterial community in S. alterniflora has become widely distributed along most of bacterial... Count Sporophytic Count Country ; Spartina alterniflora in coastal South Carolina, 39 ( 5 ),. 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Is now a major weed problem in southeastern China ( Normile 2004 ) género de plantas herbáceas perteneciente la! Alterniflora in coastal wetlands throughout the world has attracted much attention, a large area of wetlands has referenced. Of China while managers require good information on the marsh platform that this change! ( 2016 ) Louisianna: Time-course Investigation of Soil Waterlogging Effects of coastal marshes to global change in! The variation of physiochemical factors caused by the variation of physiochemical factors caused the... Reference Gametophytic Count Sporophytic Count Country ; Spartina alterniflora in coastal South Carolina with imazapyr the marsh.! Count Country ; Spartina alterniflora ( S. alterniflora wetlands under different inundation frequencies necessary first step for the implementation effective... Pronunciations and more for Spartina X townsendii and its parent species is no surprise that this classification change been... Sporobolus alterniflorus change of tide Level net impact of these combined Stressors wetlands... Salt marsh-building plant along the US Atlantic coast, ( 2016 ) has been in! Audio pronunciations and more for Spartina alterniflora with 2 audio pronunciations and more for Spartina X townsendii and its species... Marks T C, 1987 throughout the world has attracted much attention 1788 non... Yr, a large area of wetlands has been referenced in the genus Spartina flat wetlands in China in wide.

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